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In Dogs With a European Adder Bite, Does the Use of Antivenom With Supportive Treatment Compared to Supportive Treatment Alone Improve Time to Recovery?

Lindsay Hodgson, Giorgia Brambilla

Published:  06/11/2017    in:  Knowledge Summaries
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Abstract

The current literature does not offer convincing evidence for the positive effect of antivenom on time to recovery in dogs envenomated by the European adder. It appears that the use of antivenom in addition to supportive treatment may positively affect local swelling if given within 24 hours of the bite, but the evidence is low quality and further studies are required before a more definitive answer can be reached.


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References

  1. Lund, H., Kristiansen, V., Eggertsdóttir, A. et al . (2013). Adverse reactions to equine-derived F(ab’)2-antivenin in 54 dogs envenomated by Vipera berus berus. Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care. 23 (5), 532–537. 2013. 1111/vec.12099
  2. Sutton, N., Bates, N. and Campbell, A. (2011). Canine adder bites in the UK: a retrospective study of cases reported to the Veterinary Poisons Information Service. Veterinary Record. 169 (23), 607. 2011. http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/vr.d4695
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  4. Veterinary Poisons Information Service. (2017). Clinical trial for veterinary adder antivenom – invitation to take part. Available: https://vpisglobal.com/adder-antivenom/ Last accessed 26th July 2017.


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